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A new form of the second-order temperature jump boundary condition for the low-speed nanoscale and hypersonic rarefied gas flow simulations

Authors: 

Nam T.P. Le, Ehsan Roohi

Source title: 
International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 98: 51-59, 2015 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2015-2016
Abstract: 

The accuracy of numerical simulations of rarefied gas flows, in particular the Navier-Stokes-Fourier (N–S–F) equations, depends on the employed surface boundary conditions. In the literature, the combination of the second-order slip/jump conditions has primarily been used for either the Burnett or the BGK Burnett equations for hypersonic gas flows. In this work, we suggest the second-order temperature jump condition in a new form. The second-order slip/jump conditions are implemented in the framework of OpenFOAM to employ with the N–S–F equations for low-speed nanoscale and hypersonic rarefied gas flows. We investigate both the first and second-order slip/jump boundary conditions for low speed rarefied gas flow in the pressure-driven backward facing step nanochannel as well as hypersonic gas flows over the flat plate and past a circular cylinder in cross-flow. Simulation results show that the combination of the second-order slip/jump (in new form) conditions predicts better surface properties than those of the first-order slip/jump conditions for all cases studied by comparing the Burnett and DSMC data. Especially, the N–S–F simulation results of the second-order slip/jump (in new form) conditions of the cylinder case can capture the Burnett data at Kn = 0.1, while those of the first-order conditions do not.