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Design of a Planar, High-Gain, Substrate-Integrated Fabry-Perot Cavity Antenna at Terahertz Frequency

Authors: 

Truong Khang Nguyen, Quoc Bao Ta, and Ikmo Park

Source title: 
Current Applied Physics, 15(9): 1047-1053, 2015 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2014-2015
Abstract: 

This paper presents an optimum design of a substrate-integrated cavity-type antenna for use in the terahertz frequency range. The antenna was designed with a frequency-selective surface (FSS) and a planar feeding structure that are both patterned on a high-permittivity gallium-arsenide substrate. The FSS, printed on the bottom side of the substrate, is made of a circular hole array that acts as a partially reflecting mirror. Meanwhile, the planar feeding structure, printed on the top side of the substrate, is a center-fed, open-ended slotline whose ground plane acts as a perfect reflective mirror; thus, it forms a Fabry–Perot resonator. The optimized antenna produced a maximum boresight gain of 14.3 dBi, a radiation efficiency of 62%, and side-lobe levels of −15.1 dB and −15.0 dB for the E- and H-planes, respectively, at a resonance frequency of 320 GHz. The proposed design exhibits compactness, planarity, and light weight compared with the substrate lens-coupled antenna design.