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Unprecedented ultrahigh photocatalytic activity of δ-Bi2O3 for cylindrospermopsin decomposition

Authors: 

Hanggara Sudrajat

Source title: 
Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 19:369 , 2017 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2017-2018
Abstract: 

The delta phase of bismuth oxide (δ-Bi2O3) is an important metal oxide due to its highest conductivity of any oxide material. However, it is only stable over a narrow high temperature range, and thus, incorporation of small, high-valence cation is a prerequisite for stabilizing its cubic structure to room temperature. The δ-Bi2O3 is also known to have low photocatalytic activity because of its low conduction band edge. As a consequence, the conduction band electrons cannot be consumed by the dissolved oxygen to produce superoxide radicals. Herein, for the first time, the δ-Bi2O3 has been successfully synthesized through a facile hydrothermal route without addition of any dopant. The as-synthesized δ-Bi2O3 shows ultrahigh photocatalytic activity for cylindrospermopsin decomposition. Within only 20 min of UV irradiation, the degradation efficiency for cylindrospermopsin by 0.5 g/L of the δ-Bi2O3 with a cylindrospermopsin concentration of 5 mg/L reaches 98%. Restricted charge carrier recombination and effective consumption of the conduction band electrons are behind such an unprecedented high photocatalytic activity of the δ-Bi2O3.