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Heat transfer and nanofluid flow over a porous plate with radiation and slip boundary conditions


Hamid Maleki, Jalal Alsarraf, Abbas Moghanizadeh, Hassan Hajabdollahi, Mohammad Reza Safaei

Source title: 
Journal of Central South University, 26: 1099-1115, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

Presence of different terms with various values can alter the thermal behavior of the nanofluids flow over porous surfaces. The aim of this research is to study the influence of nanoparticles volume fraction, nanoparticles type, suction or injection, the heat generation or absorption, the Eckert number, thermal and velocity slip parameters, and radiation on the velocity and temperature fields on the flow and heat transfer over a porous flat plate. Four different types of nanoparticles including metal nanoparticles (Cu), metal oxide nanoparticles (Al2O3) and carbon-based nanomaterials (MWCNTs and SWCNTs) which were dispersed in the water (as based fluid) are studied. The governing equations are converted into the ordinary differential equations using similarity solution and solved numerically by the RKF45 algorithm. The results of the simulations showed a contradiction with the results of other researchers who expressed that using nanoparticles with higher thermal conductivity and volume fraction led to increasing heat transfer rate in nanofluids; this study proves that, in some cases, boosting the volume fraction of nanoparticles has a potential to decrease the heat transfer rate due to significant changes in values of some parameters including radiation, heat generation, and viscous dissipation.