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Nanofluids as secondary fluid in the refrigeration system: Experimental data, regression, ANFIS, and NN modeling

Authors: 

Z.X. Li, Felipe Lemos Renault, Abdul Orlando Cárdenas Gómez, M.M. Sarafraz, H. Khan, Mohammad Reza Safaei, Enio Pedone Bandarra Filho

Source title: 
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 144: 118635, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2020-2021
Abstract: 

Abstract This work is concerned with a comparison of measured and theoretical thermophysical properties of different nanofluids and using the properties to evaluate their suitability as a secondary working fluid in refrigeration systems, aiming at the external thermodynamic losses. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNT) and silver nanoparticles were dispersed in distilled water to produce the nanofluid samples. After that and by using the regression, a neural network (NN), an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and through obtained experimental data, new correlations were extracted to determine the thermophysical properties of nanofluids. Then, a numerical simulation was performed taking into account a mathematical model for thermodynamic optimization of a double-pipe heat exchanger. A comparison between the results obtained by the measured data or those which is obtained by soft-computing techniques and those evaluated theoretically by previous available models were carried out, showing a notable difference among the results. The results obtained with the experimental or soft-computing data show that in the case that the heat exchanger is optimized to minimize the external entropy generation, silver nanofluids (at any volumetric concentration) and the SWCNT nanofluids (at lower concentrations) presented positive results, whereas using the former existing theoretical data indicated that silver nanofluids showed negative results and SWCNT nanofluids presented positive results in all volumetric concentrations.