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Performance Enhancement of Internal Combustion Engines through Vibration Control: State of the Art and Challenges


Hojat Mahdisoozani, Mehrdad Mohsenizadeh, Mehdi Bahiraei, Alibakhsh Kasaeian, Armin Daneshvar, Marjan Goodarzi, Mohammad Reza Safaei*

Source title: 
Applied Sciences-Basel, 9(3): 406, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

Internal combustion engines (ICEs) are the primary source of power generation in today’s driving vehicles. They convert the chemical energy of the fuel into the mechanical energy which is used to drive the vehicle. In this process of energy conversion, several parameters cause the engine to vibrate, which significantly deteriorate the efficiency and service life of the engine. The present study aims to gather all the recent works conducted to reduce and isolate engine vibration, before transmitting to other vehicle parts such as drive shafts and chassis. For this purpose, a background history of the ICEs, as well as the parameters associated with their vibration, will be introduced. The body of the paper is divided into three main parts: First, a brief summary of the vibration theory in fault detection of ICEs is provided. Then, vibration reduction using various mechanisms and engine modifications is reviewed. Next, the effect of using different biofuels and fuel additives, such as alcohols and hydrogen, is discussed. Finally, the paper ends with a conclusion, summarizing the most recent methods and approaches that studied the vibration and noise in the ICEs.