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A New Experimental Method for Determining the Thickness of Thin Surface Layers of Intensive Plastic Deformation Using Electron Backscatter Diffraction Data

Authors: 

Alexander Smirnov, Evgeniya Smirnova, Sergey Alexandrov*

Source title: 
Symmetry, 12(4): 677, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2020-2021
Abstract: 

It is, in general, essential to investigate correlations between the microstructure and properties of materials. Plastic deformation often localizes within thin layers. As a result, many material properties within such layers are very different from the properties in bulk. The present paper proposes a new method for determining the thickness of a thin surface layer of intensive plastic deformation in metallic materials. For various types of materials, such layers are often generated near frictional interfaces. The method is based on data obtained by Electron Backscatter Diffraction. The results obtained are compared with those obtained by an alternative method based on microhardness measurements. The new method allows for determining the layer thickness of several microns in specimens after grinding. In contrast, the measurement of microhardness does not reveal the presence of this layer. The grain-based and kernel-based types of algorithms are also adopted for determining the thickness of the layer. Data processed by the strain contouring and kernel average misorientation algorithms are given to illustrate this method. It is shown that these algorithms do not clearly detect the boundary between the layer of intensive plastic deformation and the bulk. As a result, these algorithms are unable to determine the thickness of the layer with high accuracy.