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Computational prediction of electronic and optical properties of Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer

Authors: 

Tuan V Vu, Vo T T Vi, Chuong V Nguyen, Huynh V Phuc, Nguyen N Hieu

Source title: 
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 53(45), 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2020-2021
Abstract: 

Janus group III monochalcogenide structures, which are predicted to have many promising applications in optoelectronics and photocatalytic water splitting, have been of particular interest recently. In this study, electronic properties and optical characteristics of the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer under a biaxial strain εb and electric field E were considered using the density functional theory. Our calculations demonstrated that the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer is dynamically and thermally stable and exhibits a semiconducting characteristic with a moderate direct band gap at equilibrium. The band gap of Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer at equilibrium, which is calculated by PBE method and corrected by HSE06 hybrid functional, is smaller than that of both GaSe and GaTe monolayers. Mulliken population analysis shows that there has been a redistribution of charge during the formation of the Janus structure, especially there is a large difference in charge between the two Ga layers in Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer. The biaxial strain has greatly altered the electronic structure of the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer and direct–indirect band gap transitions were found at appropriate strain εb. While the effect of the E on electronic properties and especially optical properties is weak, the optical absorbance of the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer can be enhanced by strain engineering, up to 14.42 × 104 cm−1 at εb=−7% in the near-ultraviolet region. The optical absorbance of the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer is activated in the visible light region that is following its calculated band gap value. This work not only systematically presents the electronic and optical properties of the Janus Ga2SeTe monolayer in the presence of strain engineering and electric field but can also motivate experimental studies for applications in nanoelectromechanical and optoelectronic devices.