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Reaction probability and kinetics of water splitting on the penta-NiAs_{2} monolayer from an ab initio molecular dynamics investigation

Reaction probability and kinetics of water splitting on the penta-NiAs_{2} monolayer from an ab initio molecular dynamics investigation

The reaction probability and kinetics of the water splitting process on the penta-NiAs_{2} monolayer are studied using *ab initio* molecular dynamics simulations. A total of 100 trajectories are investigated, in which a H_{2}O molecule is set to strike the surface with a translational energy of 1 eV or 2 eV. The results show that the NiAs_{2} monolayer is an excellent candidate for the activation of water splitting with a reaction probability of 94% for both energy levels. Interestingly, the kinetics of two O–H dissociation stages varies greatly with respect to the inletting translational energy. Interpreting the reaction data for the 1 eV case, we conclude that O–H^{1} and O–H^{2} dissociations are first-order processes. However, such dissociation steps become pseudo-zeroth order in the 2 eV case. At the time of the dissociation, the force acting on atoms and the principal component analysis suggest that the two OH breaking stages behave like harmonic springs until reaching the dissociation.