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Boosted methane dry reforming for hydrogen generation on cobalt catalyst with small cerium dosage

Authors: 

Anh Ngoc T. Cao, Cham Q. Pham, Le Kim Hoang Pham, Dang Le Tri Nguyen, Pham T. T. Phuong, Thi Tuong Vi Tran, Van-Phuoc Nguyen, Thanh Binh Nguyen, Quyet Van Le, Ngoc Anh Nguyen, Tung M. Nguyen

Source title: 
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2021-2022
Abstract: 

Metal-support interface influences the catalytic activity and physical properties of heterocatalysts dramatically. Herein, the effect of cerium on material properties and catalytic activity of cobalt over gamma-alumina applied in dry reforming of methane (DRM) was investigated. The dispersion of cobalt over gamma-alumina was noticeably improved with low cerium dosages ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 wt%. In addition, the presence of Ce promoter on catalyst surface led to an enhancement in reducibility of cobalt oxide to cobalt metal in the catalyst activation. Using CO2-temperature programmed desorption technique, the catalyst basicity was found to increase proportionally with cerium loading. At an optimal dosage of 0.3–0.5 wt%, the cerium promoted cobalt supported on gamma catalyst displayed outstanding performance in DRM with noticeable conversion improvements up to 11% in both methane and carbon dioxide.