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Effect of pumice powder and nano-clay on the strength and permeability of fiber-reinforced pervious concrete incorporating recycled concrete aggregate

Authors: 

Peyman Mehrabi, Mahdi Shariati*, Kamyar Kabirifar, Majid Jarrah, Haleh Rasekh, Nguyen Thoi Trung*, Ali Shariati, Soheil Jahandari

Source title: 
Construction and Building Materials, 287: 122652, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2020-2021
Abstract: 

Pervious concrete (PC) has been widely used to construct concrete pavements and to increase the permeable surfaces all over the world. With the boost in the use of PC, it is necessary to make it more environmental-friendly and cost efficient. This study investigates employing recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) and pozzolanic additives as a partial replacement (PR) of natural coarse aggregate (NCA) and Portland cement, respectively. For this purpose, the NCA was replaced with 10%, 25%, 50% and 100% RCA and the Portland cement was replaced with 10%, 25% and 50% pumice used in combination with 1–3% nano-clay (NC). The compressive and flexural strengths, void content, density, and permeability of concrete were evaluated. Moreover, the effect of adding three different types of fibers including steel fiber (STF), macro-fiber (MF), and waste plastic fiber (WPF) at volume fractions of 1% and 2% on the properties of concrete was studied. A total number of 7791 specimens from 371 mixtures were cast and tested. Using RCA decreased density, compressive strength (CS) (up to 58%) and flexural strength (FS) (up to 64%) and increased the void content and permeability (up to 15%) of concrete. The use of pumice generally reduced the early-age strength of concrete; however, using 10–25% pumice increased the mechanical strength at 90 days. Incorporating 1–3% NC also had positive effects on the strength properties and led to a minor reduction in permeability. STF performed better than MF and WPF, and adding 1% STF, MF, and WPF increased the 180-day FS of RC25 by 78.9%, 67.4% and 37.1%, respectively. The effectiveness of fibers declined with the increase in RCA content, which could be related to the poor compaction of concrete. According to the test results, the 90-day CS of mix RC50Pu25 with 2% STF and mix RC100Pu10NC1 was equal to the control mix. Therefore, it sounds that it is a feasible approach to significantly reduce the consumption of NCA and cement by using specific dosages of the other materials used in this study.