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On the Capacity of Full-Duplex AF/DF Relay System with Energy Harvesting for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications

Authors: 

Ba Cao Nguyen, Xuan Hung Le, Van Duan Nguyen, Le The Dung

Source title: 
Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2021: 8865615, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2020-2021
Abstract: 

This paper studies the ergodic capacity (EC) of full-duplex (FD) amplify-and-forward (AF) and decode-and-forward (DF) relay system with energy harvesting (EH) for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications. Unlike previous works on FD-EH systems, we consider the case that both relay and destination are mobile vehicles while the source is a static base station. We mathematically derive the exact closed-form expressions of ECs of both AF and DF protocols of the considered FD-EH-V2V relay system over cascade (double) Rayleigh fading. Our numerical results show that the ECs in the case of the V2V communication system are reduced compared to those in the case of stationary nodes. Also, with a specific value of residual self-interference (RSI), the ECs of the considered FD-EH-V2V relay system can be higher or lower than those of half-duplex- (HD-) EH-V2V system, depending on the average transmission power of the source. Furthermore, when the transmission power of the source and RSI are fixed, the ECs of the considered system can achieve peak values by using optimal EH time duration. On the other hand, the ECs of both AF and DF protocols reach the capacity floors in the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) regime due to the RSI impact. Also, the effect of RSI dominates the impact of cascade Rayleigh fading in the high SNR regime. Finally, we validate our analysis approach through Monte-Carlo simulations.