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Interaction of methylene blue with SDS in the premicellar solution of CPC in the aqueous and methanol-water system

Authors: 

Pawan Shah, Ajaya Bhattarai, Dileep Kumar

Source title: 
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 648: 129091, 2022 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2021-2022
Abstract: 

Interactions between sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and methylene blue (MB) have been studied in presence of cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) in aqueous and methanol-water binary solvents via conductometric and tensiometric methods. The experiment was conducted to see the possibility of a synergistic effect of the SDS+CPC system and changes in the interactional behavior of SDS with MB in presence of CPC. The value of the molecular interaction parameter for micellization (βM) was found to be negative from the experimental results and the value of |βM| was found to be greater than ln(CMCSDS / CMCCPC), which didn’t describe synergism completely but indicated the strong striking interactions between the oppositely charged surfactants. However, the CMC of the SDS+CPC system was found to be very low as compared to the CMC of SDS alone. This result of CMC based on striking interactions between oppositely charged surfactants was used to calculate various parameters like Gibbs free energy of micellization (∆Gmo), surface excess(Γmax), minimum surface area (Amin), surface pressure πCMC, standard free energy of adsorption (∆Gadso), pC20, minimum surface free energy (Gmins), packing parameter (P) and association equilibrium constant (K). The addition of methanol as a cosolvent enhances the CMC and α value of the SDS+CPC as well as the SDS+CPC-MB system. Correlation of ∆Gmo with different solvent parameters namely Gordon parameter (G), Reichardt's parameter (ET (30)), viscosity (ηo), and solvophobic parameter (SP) has also been evaluated.