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Adsorption of Ni(II) ions by magnetic activated carbon/chitosan beads prepared from spent coffee grounds, shrimp shells and green tea extract

Authors: 

Van Thuan Le, My Uyen Dao, Hoang Sinh Le, Dai Lam Tran, Van Dat Doan, Hoai Thuong Nguyen*

Source title: 
Environmental Technology 15:1-16, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2018-2019
Abstract: 

Magnetic activated carbon/chitosan composite (MACCS) beads from spent coffee grounds and shrimp shells were synthesized using green tea extract as a crosslinker. The adsorbent was then applied for removal of Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution after carefully characterizing it by various techniques (XRD, FTIR, FE-SEM, EDX, VSM and BET). The adsorption kinetics, isotherms, thermodynamics, the effects of key adsorption factors such as the pH value, initial Ni(II) concentration, contact time, adsorbent dose and temperature were investigated in detail. A possible adsorption mechanism was proposed. The results indicated that the adsorption process was thermodynamically favourable, spontaneous, endothermic, and was best described by the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The MACCS beads with an optimum CS to MAC weight ratio estimated as 60:40 gave the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity for Ni(II) ions of 108.70 mg g-1 at 25°C, pH of 6, adsorbent dose of 1.0g L-1 and a contact time of 6 h. The recycling study confirmed that the adsorption ability of MACCS beads towards Ni(II) ions maintained well after five consecutive cycles with the removal efficiency greater than 86.25%. Eventually, the MACCS beads could be used as an environmentally-friendly and highly efficient adsorbent for removal of Ni(II) ions from wastewater due to the advantages of high efficiency, rapid separation and good reusability.