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Molybdenum oxide: A superior hole extraction layer for replacing p-type hydrogenated amorphous silicon with high efficiency heterojunction Si solar cells


Kumar Mallema, Yong Jun Kim, Shahzada Qamar Hussain, Subhajit Dutta, Anh Huy Tuan Le, Minkyu Ju, Jinjoo Park, Young Hyun Cho, Youngkuk Kim, Eun-Chel Cho, Junsin Yi

Source title: 
Materials Research Bulletin, 110: 90-96, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

Transition metal oxides (TMO) are extensively applied as a surface passivation and carrier-selective contact layer through replacing boron/phosphorus doped emitter layers in silicon heterojunction (SHJ) solar cell applications. In this regard, molybdenum oxide (MoO3) has drawn a significant attention as a hole extraction layer owing properties such as wide bandgap (∼3 eV), high work function (>6 eV) and low temperature deposition. Thus, we fabricated SHJ solar cells with a dopant-free MoOx applied at the front surface contact layer. Thermally evaporated MoOx films were exhibited optical characteristics such as high transmittance, high bandgap and low absorption coefficient as compared to a-Si:H(p) and μc-SiOx:H (p) layers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis confirmed the stoichiometric and oxidation deficiency states of the of the MoOx layers. Whereas, MoOx films undergoing long-term air exposure showed an increase in Mo5+ cations due to the increased oxygen vacancy. The fabricated MoOx/c-Si heterojunction solar cells achieved a significant power conversion efficiency (η) of 20%, best open circuit voltage (Voc) of 695 mV, high short circuit current density (Jsc) of 38.88 mA/cm2 and a fill factor (FF) of 74.0%. These results implying that MoOx is as an excellent dopant-free material for alternate p-doped a-Si:H emitter layers in SHJ solar cell applications.