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Simulation of water/FMWCNT nanofluid forced convection in a microchannel filled with porous material under slip velocity and temperature jump boundary conditions

Authors: 

Ehsan Gholamalizadeh, Farzad Pahlevanzadeh, Kamal Ghani and Arash Karimipour, Truong Khang Nguyen, Mohammad Reza Safaei*

Source title: 
International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2019-2020
Abstract: 

Purpose

This study aims to numerically study the forced convection effects on a two-dimensional microchannel filled with a porous material containing the water/FMWCNT nanofluid. The upper and lower microchannel walls were fully insulated thermally along 15 per cent of their lengths at each end of the microchannel, with the in-between length being exposed to a constant temperature. The slip velocity boundary condition was applied along the microchannel walls.

Design/methodology/approach

The Navier–Stokes equations were discretized before being solved numerically via a FORTRAN computer code. The following ranges were considered for the studied parameters: slip factor (B) equal to 0.001, 0.01 and 0.1; Reynolds number (Re) between 10 and 100; solid nanoparticle mass fraction (ϕ) between 0.0012 and 0.0025; Darcy number (Da) between 0.001 and 0.1; and porosity factor (ε) between 0.4 and 0.9.

Findings

Increasing the Da caused a greater increase in the velocity profile than increasing Re, whereas increasing porosity did not affect the velocity profile growth at all.

Originality/value

This paper is the continuation of the authors’ previous studies. Using the water/FMWCNT nanofluid as the working fluid in microchannels is among the achievements of this study.