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User-centric harvested energy-efficiency maximisation for secure SWIPT transmissions


Pham Viet Tuan, Insoo Koo

Source title: 
International Journal of Electronics, 107(6), 2019 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

In this paper, simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) transmissions with multiple-input single-output transceiver pairs are considered. In each pair, a multi-antenna transmitter sends data and energy to a single-antenna receiver with a signal-splitting structure and a non-linear energy harvesting model. Each transceiver pair tries to achieve high individual harvested energy efficiency, and uses artificial noise (AN) to protect the information from being overheard by other users that cooperate like a virtual eavesdropper. The weighted sum user-centric harvested energy-efficiency maximisation problem is formulated under constraints on the required signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) at each receiver, plus a limited SINR for virtual eavesdroppers and limited transmit power at each transmitter. The optimal precoding beamforming, AN, and signal-splitting factors are obtained by two proposed algorithms. The first solution exploits semidefinite relaxation and sequential parametric convex approximation techniques to convert the non-convex problem to a series of convex subproblems with matrix variables. We obtain optimal beamforming vectors along with an optimal covariance matrix for AN. The second solution directly utilizes beamforming approximation and obtains a low complexity solution for the convex subproblem. Moreover, we need to apply the feasible point pursuit method. Finally, numerical evaluations are provided in comparison with some benchmark schemes.