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A Finite Element Formulation and Nonlocal Theory for the Static and Free Vibration Analysis of the Sandwich Functionally Graded Nanoplates Resting on Elastic Foundation


Van-Ke Tran, Thanh-Trung Tran, Minh-Van Phung, Quoc-Hoa Pham, Trung Nguyen-Thoi

Source title: 
Journal of Nanomaterials, 2020: 8786373, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

This article presents a finite element method (FEM) integrated with the nonlocal theory for analysis of the static bending and free vibration of the sandwich functionally graded (FG) nanoplates resting on the elastic foundation (EF). Material properties of nanoplates are assumed to vary through thickness following two types (Type A with homogeneous core and FG material for upper and lower layers and Type B with FG material core and homogeneous materials for upper and lower layers). In this study, the formulation of the four-node quadrilateral element based on the mixed interpolation of tensorial components (MITC4) is used to avoid “the shear-locking” problem. On the basis of Hamilton’s principle and the nonlocal theory, the governing equations for the sandwich FG nanoplates are derived. The results of the proposed model are compared with published works to verify the accuracy and reliability. Furthermore, the effects of geometric parameters and material properties on the static and free vibration behaviors of nanoplates are investigated in detail.