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Effects of different surface functionalization on the electronic properties and contact types of graphene/functionalized-GeC van der Waals heterostructures

Authors: 

Tuan V. Vu, T.P. Dao, M. Idrees, H.V. Phuc, N.N. Hieu, N.T.T. Binh, H.B. Dinh, B. Amin, C.V. Nguyen

Source title: 
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22: 7952-7961, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2019-2020
Abstract: 

Constructing vertical heterostructures by placing graphene (Gr) on two-dimensional materials has recently emerged as an effective way to enhance the performance of nanoelectronic and optoelectronic devices. In this work, first principles calculations are employed to explore the structural and electronic properties of Gr/GeC and Gr/functionalized-GeC by H/F/Cl surface functionalization. Our results imply that the electronic properties of the Gr, GeC and all functionalized-GeC monolayers are well preserved in Gr/GeC and Gr/functionalized-GeC heterostructures, and the Gr/GeC heterostructure forms a p-type Schottky contact. Interestingly, we find that the p-type Schottky contact in Gr/GeC can be converted into the n-type one and into an n-type ohmic contact by H/F/Cl surface functionalization to form Gr/functionalized-GeC heterostructures. Furthermore, we find that electric fields and strain engineering can change both the Schottky barrier heights and the contact types of the Gr/functionalized-GeC vdWHs. These findings suggest that Gr/functionalized-GeC heterostructures can be considered as a promising candidate for designing high-performance optoelectronic and nanoelectronic devices.

Graphical abstract: Effects of different surface functionalization on the electronic properties and contact types of graphene/functionalized-GeC van der Waals heterostructures