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Enhanced anisotropic electrical conductivity of perturbed monolayer β12-borophene

Authors: 

Doan Quoc Khoa, Nguyen N. Hieu, Bui Dinh Hoi

Source title: 
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 22: 286-294, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2019-2020
Abstract: 

β12-Borophene is a perfect planar nanolattice comprising of massless Dirac fermions and massless/massive triplet fermions considering the inversion symmetry lattice model. In this paper, a detailed study of the electric field and the effects of low concentrations of impurities on the electronic phase and the electrical conductivity of β12-borophene is presented. As a direct manner to judge the electronic features of pristine and perturbed monolayer β12-borophene, the five-band tight-binding Hamiltonian model, the T-matrix theory, the linear response theory, and the Green's function approach are investigated. Our investigation reveals that the massless Dirac and triplet fermions become massive when an electric field is applied. Also, we found out that the electric current and eventually the electrical conductivity are not the same along different directions and an enhancement of around 18.53% (15.38%) for the x-direction (in-plane) component is observed at a certain thermal energy. Furthermore, the metal-to-semiconductor electronic phase transition in the presence of different impurity atoms results in a 197.16% (198.23%) enhancement in x- (in-plane-) component of electrical conductivity. The results provide a basis of designing novel electronic devices based on β12-borophene.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced anisotropic electrical conductivity of perturbed monolayer β12-borophene