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Experimental study of turbulent air natural convection in open-ended vertical parallel plates under asymmetric heating conditions


Koung Moon Kim, Dong Ho Nguyen, Gyu Hyeon Shim, Dong-Wook Jerng*, Ho Seon Ahn*

Source title: 
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 159: 120135, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

In this study, we investigated the turbulent air natural convection phenomena between open-ended vertical parallel plates under asymmetric heating conditions. The rectangular air channel consisted of two insulating walls and two heated walls: one of the vertical walls is heated to maintain uniform wall temperature conditions at various temperatures from 50 to 500 °C, and the other wall is indirectly heated by thermal radiation from the directly heated wall. We measured both wall temperature distributions in the vertical direction and the air temperature profiles with the horizontal direction at certain heights.

The results showed that when both walls are heated asymmetrically, reverse flow was absent at the outlet of the channel, as confirmed by a simple visualization method. In addition, we confirmed the practical result of a deviation between the mean air temperature and the measured air temperature at the center of the channel. From the results of the wall temperature distributions and the air temperature profiles, we suggest a reasonable flow behavior, which is the generation of two different recirculation flow patterns that are not affected by changes in the thermal boundary. In addition, we compared the ratio between the convective and radiative heat rates on the directly heated wall. Based on the experimental results, we analyzed the natural convection heat transfer between vertical parallel plates and we proposed two correlations. The heat transfer correlation agreed well with the correlation for turbulent natural convection on a single infinite vertical plate. The correlating equation related to the induced flow rate was presented as a modified Rayleigh number to estimate the flow rate.