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Hybrid soft computational approaches for modeling the maximum ultimate bond strength between the corroded steel reinforcement and surrounding concrete


Mohamed El Amine Ben Seghier, Hocine Ouaer, Mohammed Abdelfetah Ghriga, Nait Amar Menad, Duc-Kien Thai

Source title: 
Neural Computing and Applications, 33: 6905-6920, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

The capacity efficiency of load carrying with the accurate serviceability performances of reinforced concrete (RC) structure is an important aspect, which is mainly dependent on the values of the ultimate bond strength between the corroded steel reinforcements and the surrounding concrete. Therefore, the precise determination of the ultimate bond strength degradation is of paramount importance for maintaining the safety levels of RC structures affected by corrosion. In this regard, hybrid intelligence and machine learning techniques are proposed to build a new framework to predict the ultimate bond strength in between the corroded steel reinforcements and the surrounding concrete. The proposed computational techniques include the multilayer perceptron (MLP), the radial basis function neural network and the genetic expression programming methods. In addition to that, the Levenberg–Marquardt (LM) deterministic approach and two meta-heuristic optimization approaches, namely the artificial bee colony algorithm and the particle swarm optimization algorithm, are employed in order to guarantee an optimum selection of the hyper-parameters of the proposed techniques. The latter were implemented based on an experimental published database consisted of 218 experimental tests, which cover various factors related to the ultimate bond strength, such as compressive strength of the concrete, concrete cover, the type steel, steel bar diameter, length of the bond and the level of corrosion. Based on their performance evaluation through several statistical assessment tools, the proposed models were shown to predict the ultimate bond strength accurately; outperforming the existing hybrid artificial intelligence models developed based on the same collected database. More precisely, the MLP-LM model was, by far, the best model with a determination coefficient (R2) as high as 0.97 and 0.96 for the training and the overall data, respectively.