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Predicting Blast-Induced Ground Vibration in Open-Pit Mines Using Vibration Sensors and Support Vector Regression-Based Optimization Algorithms

Authors: 

Hoang Nguyen, Yosoon Choi*, Xuan-Nam Bui, Trung Nguyen-Thoi*

Source title: 
Sensors, 20(1): 132, 2020 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2019-2020
Abstract: 

In this study, vibration sensors were used to measure blast-induced ground vibration (PPV). Different evolutionary algorithms were assessed for predicting PPV, including the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm, genetic algorithm (GA), imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA), and artificial bee colony (ABC). These evolutionary algorithms were used to optimize the support vector regression (SVR) model. They were abbreviated as the PSO-SVR, GA-SVR, ICA-SVR, and ABC-SVR models. For each evolutionary algorithm, three forms of kernel function, linear (L), radial basis function (RBF), and polynomial (P), were investigated and developed. In total, 12 new hybrid models were developed for predicting PPV in this study, named ABC-SVR-P, ABC-SVR-L, ABC-SVR-RBF, PSO-SVR-P, PSO-SVR-L, PSO-SVR-RBF, ICA-SVR-P, ICA-SVR-L, ICA-SVR-RBF, GA-SVR-P, GA-SVR-L and GA-SVR-RBF. There were 125 blasting results gathered and analyzed at a limestone quarry in Vietnam. Statistical criteria like R2, RMSE, and MAE were used to compare and evaluate the developed models. Ranking and color intensity methods were also applied to enable a more complete evaluation. The results revealed that GA was the most dominant evolutionary algorithm for the current problem when combined with the SVR model. The RBF was confirmed as the best kernel function for the GA-SVR model. The GA-SVR-RBF model was proposed as the best technique for PPV estimation.