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Copper doped titanium dioxide as a low-cost visible light photocatalyst for water splitting

Authors: 

Vu Thi Quyen, Kim Jitae, Pham Thi Huong, Le Thi Thu Ha, Dang My Thanh, Nguyen Minh Viet, Phan Quang Thanh

Source title: 
Solar Energy, 218: 150-156, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 
2021-2022
Abstract: 

Titanium dioxide (TiO2) based materials were used in many fields such as energy application, biological and environment remediation control. In this study, copper-doped TiO2 (Cu-TiO2) was synthesized and investigated for photocatalytic water splitting hydrogen (H2) evolution. The doping of Cu ions not only increased the oxygen vacancies but also improved the charge separation of photocatalyst. The Cu-TiO2 displayed a higher the rate of H2 evolution (45.6 mmol/h) as compared to undoped TiO2 (0.73 mmol/h). The reused of material was identified and the photocatalytic water splitting mechanism of Cu-TiO2 was proposed. The results showed that, Cu-TiO2 had high stability after reusing for 5 consecutive cycles without the loss of H2 production capacity. In addition, practical application and future research were discussed in details. This work may contribute to the potential application of TiO2-based photocatalyst for water splitting in order to produce H2 gas as green energy.