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Graphene-Based Plasmonic Absorber for Biosensing Applications Using Gold Split Ring Resonator Metasurfaces


Shobhit K. Patel, Juveriya Parmar, Vishal Sorathiya, Rozalina Binti Zakaria, Truong Khang Nguyen, Vigneswaran Dhasarathan

Source title: 
Journal of Lightwave Technology, 39(17): 5617-5624, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

We propose a novel graphene-based metasurface plasmonic biosensor. The gold split-ring resonator is used as a metasurface element in the biosensor. Split Ring Resonator structures are used to localize and increase electromagnetic field incidents. Two types of split-ring resonator based metasurface (Single split-ring resonator and Double split-ring resonator) designs are analyzed to observe its effect on biosensing. The proposed biosensor is used to sense hemoglobin and urine biomolecules for their different concentrations. The design results in the form of absorption, electric field, and magnetic field are presented. The sensitivity for hemoglobin biomolecules and urine biomolecules are calculated from their absorption peak difference and refractive index difference. The sensitivity results are compared with previously published designs. The proposed single split ring resonator metasurface design has the highest sensitivity for hemoglobin-urine concentrations. The proposed biosensor can become a building block for future medical biosensing devices.