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On the modeling of the annual corrosion rate in main cables of suspension bridges using combined soft computing model and a novel nature-inspired algorithm


Mohamed El Amine Ben Seghier, José A. F. O. Corriea, Jafar Jafari-Asl, Abdollah Malekjafarian, Vagelis Plevris, Nguyen-Thoi Trung

Source title: 
Neural Computing and Applications, 33: 15969-15985, 2021 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

Suspension bridges are critical components of transport infrastructure around the world. Therefore, their operating conditions should be effectively monitored to ensure their safety and reliability. However, the main cables of suspension bridges inevitably deteriorate over time due to corrosion, as a result of their operational and environmental conditions. Thus, accurate annual corrosion rate predictions are crucial for maintaining reliable structures and optimal maintenance operations. However, the corrosion rate is a chaotic and complex phenomenon with highly nonlinear behavior. This paper proposes a novel predictive model for the estimation of the annual corrosion rate in the main cables of suspension bridges. This is a hybrid model based on the multilayer perceptron (MLP) technique optimized using marine predators algorithm (MPA). In addition, well-known metaheuristic approaches such as the genetic algorithm (GA) and particle swarm algorithm (PSO) are employed to optimize the MLP. In order to implement the proposed model, a comprehensive database composed of 309 sample tests on the annual corrosion rate from all around the world, including various factors related to the surrounding environmental properties, is utilized. In addition, several input combinations are proposed for investigating the trigger factors in modeling the annual corrosion rate. The performance of the proposed models is evaluated using various statistical and graphical criteria. The results of this study demonstrate that the proposed hybrid MLP-MPA model provides stable and accurate predictions, while it transcends the previously developed approaches for solving this problem. The effectiveness of the MLP-MPA model shows that it can be used for further studies on the reliability analysis of the main cables of suspension bridges.