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Design and Performance Analysis of Reconfigurable 1D Photonic Crystal Biosensor Employing Ge₂Sb₂Te₅ (GST) for Detection of Women Reproductive Hormones


Abinash Panda, D Vigneswaran, Puspa Devi Pukhrambam, Natesan Ayyanar, Truong Khang Nguyen

Source title: 
IEEE Trans Nanobioscience, 21(1): 21-28, 2022 (ISI)
Academic year of acceptance: 

The present research demonstrates a novel 1D photonic crystal (PhC) based reconfigurable biosensor pertaining to label-free detection of different concentrations of progesterone and estradiol, which play a vital role in developing reproductive hormones in women. The proposed sensor is designed by an alternative arrangement of Na3 AlF6 and CeO2, with a central defect layer. A thin layer of novel phase change chalcogenide material (Ge2 Sb2 Te5) is deposited along the two sides of the defect layer to improve the sensing performance. Numerical simulation of transmission spectrum for TE mode is carried out by using the transfer matrix method (TMM). The mainstay of this research is centered on the assay of shift in the defect mode position and intensity with respect to different concentrations of analyte, by changing the phase of the GST material from amorphous to crystalline. Interestingly, we observed a high tunability in defect mode wavelength, when the phase is changed from amorphous to crystalline, which leads to accomplishment of a high sensitivity of 1.75 nm/nmol/L for progesterone and 20.5 nm/nmol/L for estradiol. Aside from sensitivity, other significant parameters like figure of merit and detection limit are computed, which give a deep insight into the sensing performance. These encouraging sensing performances pave the path for efficient detection of different concentrations of progesterone and estradiol to monitor various gynecological problems in women.